Prolonged menstruation occurs if menstrual bleeding lasts more than seven days.Although every woman has the duration and amount of menstrual bleeding is different, generally normal menstruation ranged from two to seven days.
Medically, menstrual exceed one week can be classified in a condition called menorrhagia. With proper handling, these complaints can generally be overcome, although they still need to watch out for, because it can be caused by more serious health problems.
Identify Various Causes Of Prolonged Menstruation
In most cases, the cause of prolonged menstruation is not always known. However, there are some things that are known to cause prolonged menstruation, namely:
- Hormonal imbalance
If happened hormonal imbalance in the body, it may cause sloughing of endometrial tissue excessive, causing excessive menstrual bleeding. Conditions such as excess weight (obesity), PCOS, and thyroid disorders can trigger an imbalance of hormones.
- Impaired function of the ovaries
In disorders of the ovaries (ovaries), then Your body may not produce the hormone progesterone enough, so that it can cause hormonal imbalance and result in prolonged menstruation.
uterine Fibroids are benign tumors are non-cancerous stick on the wall of the uterus. Fibroids can cause bleeding in large quantities and prolonged accompanied by pain during menstruation.
Endometriosis occurs when endometrial tissue, i.e. the tissue on the inner lining of the uterus, grows outside the uterus. Endometriosis can cause bleeding, cramps or pain that is not normal before and during menstruation.
- Inflammation of the pelvis
Inflammation of the pelvis known as pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) is an infection that causes inflammation of the female reproductive system. Inflammation of the pelvis can occur due to the activity of sexual risk (multiple partners or having sex without a condom), history of abortion or miscarriage, and the use of the MB spiral (IUD). This inflammation causes the symptoms of pain in the pelvic area and lower abdomen, and could cause prolonged menstruation.
As for other causes of prolonged menstruation include uterine cancer, cervical cancer, the influence of drugs, such as using birth control pills, and blood thinners. A person suffering from a blood disorder, may also experience this complaint.
Diagnose The Cause Of Prolonged Menstruation
If Your menstrual cycle has changed, you should note the time when Your menstruation begins and ends, including various complaints that accompany. The doctor will likely inquire of the menstrual cycle and Your health history before doing the treatment of prolonged menstruation.
To confirm the diagnosis, your doctor can give recommendations physical examination in general, including pelvic examination and pap smear. In addition, the ULTRASOUND examination can be done to give an idea of the condition of the uterus, ovaries, and pelvis. When judged necessary, then the doctor will also give recommendations examination of endometrial biopsy to take a sample of tissue from inside Your uterus to be examined further.
Efforts To Cope With Prolonged Menstruation
Handling is done to overcome the prolonged menstruation, will be adjusted with the complaints and the physical condition of the patient, the following with the medical condition as the cause.
Drugs that can be given to cope with prolonged menstruation, among others, are nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drugs, such as ibuprofen. In addition, it can also be given tranexamic acid to control bleeding. In some conditions, the doctor will give hormonal therapy, to balance hormones and overcome prolonged menstruation.
Given the prolonged menstruation can cause complications such as anemia and discomfort, you should not be allowed to drag on. Consult your doctor if experiencing this condition. Likewise with the consumption of drugs should be done based on doctor’s advice. Leading a healthy lifestyle, maintaining ideal weight, and sufficient rest can help recovery from these conditions.