The fluid in our body is composed of many substances, one of which is the electrolyte. Electrolytes these have a crucial role in the functioning of our body. What’s all that?
In the blood, urine, tissue of the body, and the fluids of our body another there are substances called electrolytes. Electrolytes are minerals that carry a charge, for example calcium, chloride, magnesium, phosphate, potassium (potassium), and sodium (sodium). Electrolytes enter the body through food and drinks that we consume. Chemicals the smallest of these are needed by the cells so that the body can function properly and normal.
Various Electrolytes: its Benefits and its Impact on the Body
Every electrolyte that plays a vital role and specific in our body. But sometimes, the amount of electrolytes in our body can decrease or over. It happened because of the amount of water in our body change, can be caused by lack of fluids, consuming drugs, or suffering from a disease. Yuk, get to know more in the electrolyte-the electrolyte which is in our body.
Sodium or sodium
Sodium body needs to keep the electrolyte balance, handling the fluid in the body, affect blood pressure, and organize muscle contractions and nerve function. Normally, the rate of sodium in the blood is 135-145 milimol/liter (mmol/L). The advantages of sodium, or referred to also hipernatremia, usually happens because less drinking of water; dehydration is severe as a result of the production fluid excess, for example as a result of vomiting that is prolonged, diarrhea, sweating, or disorders of the kidneys and breathing; or medication specific, for example corticosteroids.
Whereas lack of sodium, or referred to also hiponatremia, can happen because the body loses a lot of fluid through sweat or burns; vomiting or diarrhea; too much consuming the liquid; addicted to alcohol; consuming drugs such as certain drugs diuretic, a drug cramp; suffer nutrition bad, abnormalities of the thyroid, abnormalities of the hypothalamus, abnormalities of the adrenal gland, kidney failure, heart failure, liver failure, or suffer from diseases that interfere with the hormone antidiuretik (SIADH).
Calcium is an essential mineral used by the body to stabilize blood pressure, handle the contraction of skeletal muscles, develops strong bones and teeth, role in the transmission of nerve impulses and muscle movement, as well as help the process of blood clotting.
The advantages of calcium called hiperkalsemia, and this condition can happen when we suffer hiperparatiroidisme; kidney disease; a thyroid disorder; lung disease such as tuberculosis or sarkoidosis; some types of cancer; consuming the supplements of vitamin D, calcium, or antasida excessively; or drink the medicine lithium, and theophylline.
Whereas calcium deficiency can be caused by kidney failure, hipoparatiroidisme, vitamin D deficiency, pancreatitis, prostate cancer, digestive disorders, and drugs certain include heparin, a drug for osteoporosis, and drugs antiepilepsi.
Potassium or potassium
The electrolyte this one works organize the functioning of the heart and blood pressure, help assists boost the nerves, contraction of muscles, health of bones, and electrolyte balance; as well as take care of the health of nerves and muscles. In the blood, the amount of potassium normal be in the range of 3.5-5 milimol/liter (mmol/L).
The lack of electrolytes this is called hipokalemia. Can happen in people who have an eating disorder; suffering from diarrhea, vomiting, severe, or dehydration; drink laxatives, diuretics, or corticosteroids. Whereas hiperkalemia is the condition in which the amount of potassium in the blood excessive, is usually caused by dehydration is severe, renal failure, acidosis weight, drink a potion of the fall of blood pressure or diuretics, or because the rate of the hormone cortisol in the body too low.
Chloride is needed to help balance of electrolytes or body fluids, take care of acid/alkali (pH) of the body, and important for digestion. The body can suffer from hipokloremia (lack of chloride) as a result of kidney failure acute, too much sweating, vomiting, suffering from eating disorders, disorders of the adrenal glands, cystic fibrosis, or because stung by a scorpion. Whereas hiperkloremia (the advantages of the chloride) can happen as a result of dehydration is severe, disorders of the parathyroid glands, kidney failure, or undergoing dialysis. Well, what is the rate of chloride normal is it? The rate of chloride normal is 98-108 mmol/L.
Magnesium is a mineral electrolyte essential for the production of DNA and RNA, improving the immune system, arrange the rate of blood glucose, the keep the rhythm or rhythm of the heart, as well as contribute on the functioning of the nervous and muscular contractions. Magnesium is also able to improve the quality of sleep in people with insomnia. The advantage of magnesium or hipermagnesemia usually happens in patients Addison’s disease or a kidney disease stadium the end. And the body can lack of magnesium (hipomagnesemia), usually because of heart failure, sweat excessively, diarrhea chronic, digestive disorders, addiction to alcohol, or take drugs such as diuretics and antibiotics.
Together with calcium, phosphate attached to strengthen bones and teeth, as well as help the cells produce energy needed for growth and repair of tissue. Lack of phosphate (hipofosfatemia) is usually caused by parathyroid glands that are too active, vitamin D deficiency, starvation, burns badly, abuse acute alcohol, or drugs certain.While the advantages of phosphate (hiperfosfatemia), usually happened because of the injured muscle is severe, the parathyroid glands are less active, failed breath, renal disease chronic, the rate of calcium is low, is undergoing treatment for cancer, and drinking laxatives the pregnant phosphate in excess.
Mineral that the rate of normal 22-30 mmol/L this works to help the body defend pH healthy, arrange the rate of bodily fluids and arrange for the function of the heart. Disorders at the amount of bicarbonate in the blood can be caused by disruption of breathing, renal failure, and metabolic diseases.
Electrolyte disorders light could have not provoked the symptoms. Symptoms the consequences of electrolyte disorders often appear when it’s in degrees the more weight. Symptoms that can happen electrolyte disorders namely:
- nausea vomiting
- swelling on the body
- heart beat fast (chest pounding)
- – cramp or muscle weakness
- loss of consciousness
Considering that this condition can be caused by a variety of factors, important to get the inspection and handling of the early by a doctor. If You experience symptoms of electrolyte disturbances be quick come to a medical emergency unit of the nearest to get the medication right.